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NOMINEE VERSUS LEGAL HEIR

All of us have heard the saying – ‘Nothing is certain but Death and Taxes’. So how much ever we do not like to deal with taxes, we have to manage them. Similarly, though death is not a pleasant topic to think or talk about, we have to understand that it is an eventuality. Therefore it is important that we plan our estate such that it is distributed appropriately.

Many people think that they can nominate someone for their investments and assets and they have finished the task. That is not enough!

Nominee to hold but Legal heir to own

On a holistic interpretation of judicial precedents over the years and the position of law on this point now, it can be settled that

Legal heir is the ultimate, rightful owner of the property of a deceased individual (either through intestate or testamentary succession);

A person who is named nominee of the property of the deceased, shall actually receive and hold the property of the deceased (till the matter of inheritance or succession is decided) immediately upon the demise of the individual.

However, there are exceptions to this.

Class of Assets Details
Employee Provident Fund

When one opens an EPF account, a nomination
has to be given. The nominee will inherit the fund. The legal heir has no right on it.

As per the EPF rules one has to appoint a family member as nominee.

Public Provident Fund The nominee gets only custody of the amount.
The legal heirs are entitled to own it.
Deposits with a bank The legal heirs will get the ownership of the
deposits on the death of the account holder. The nominee will again be just a custodian.
Mutual Funds The legal heirs get the mutual fund units. Mutual
fund houses ask us to fill out a nomination form. But nominees are only custodians.
Shares

On the death of the sole shareholder/all joint
shareholders, nominee becomes entitled to all the rights in the shares of the company to the exclusion of all other persons.

There has been a bit of confusion on the transfer of ownership of shares after the death of the owner due to some court cases. In some cases, the nominee has got the ownership rights and in some cases, the legal heirs have got the ownership.

Hence, it is advisable that the Will of the Testator should contain provisions relating to bequest of his interest in shares and, as far as possible, the legatee should be the nominee 

Shares of co-operative society The legal heirs will get the ownership rights in case of death of the original owner. The nominee will again be just a custodian.
Life Insurance In case of life insurance, the claim amount goes to the legal heirs or beneficial nominees (if any) after the death of the insured.


 

NOMINEE VERSUS LEGAL HEIR
Articleship at GBCA